Project-based learning is the method and practice of teaching, an academic subject that is student-centered. It imparts deeper knowledge to students by the practical explanation of concepts relating to real-world challenges and situations. It also includes inquiry-based learning.
PBL makes a student ready for educational, social, private and professional success and prepares youth to climb up to the complex tasks of their lives and future world they will inherit.
Why should you opt for project-based learning over traditional methods?
Traditional learning methods don’t prepare students for life beyond school, as it only conveys information to students and doesn’t tell how to execute it. By memorizing information, can they apply it to the real-world application? Obviously, No. Project-based learning challenges students by providing them tough but creative and real problem-solving activities. It increases the curiosity among students and also enhances skills like teamwork, project management, perseverance, self-confidence, and cooperation. It leads to a better sense of understanding because students get encouraged by learning the application of the concept of relevant situations.
How it helps students solve real-world problems?
Students work on a project over a period of time that engages them in solving a real-world problem and answering difficult questions. By preparing a project or presentation, students demonstrate their knowledge in front of the audience. Doing a meaningful project by students, result in developing skills of better communication, innovation, and critical thinking. It also releases creative energy among students as well as teachers. Students learn to assist each other by means of essay help or project help while working in groups.
Advantages of Project-Based Learning
- PBL provides an environment where senior students share knowledge with their juniors. Senior students have better research skills and their observations can be easily passed to younger students. It strengthens juniors with basic, fundamental and essential information.
- Oral repetition of information has been reduced with PBL which saves the time of teachers. Children clutch the subject matter of a project and by teaching other students they can improve and enhance concepts for themselves also.
- Either succeed or fail, the project provides a new experience and different method every time. It reflects and imparts the actuality of real-world situations.
- We can add project-based testing to project-based learning. The method of testing via examinations don’t question their intellect. It just checks the ability to recall information. On the other hand, in project-based testing, students apply the useful information in solving their real-life complex problems. This helps them to transform their faults into strengths.
- PBL helps students to improve their capability of retaining, learning, collecting and remembering information.
Disadvantages of Project-Based Learning
- Many students are engaged in PBL activities, but some may feel detached emotionally.
- Some students are not mature enough to work effectively in such a manner, to achieve required results, which affects other students by distracting them.
- By giving most of one’s time in projects, issues are faced during standardized tests as students don’t have a wide range of knowledge to achieve high scores.
- Investigating, experimenting, exploring and the conversation usually takes a longer time than expected. Discussing thoughts or suggestions also take long periods.
In the 21st century, PBL is a popular trend and the main reason is, the complex concepts are easy to understand and the potential thinking is improved with it. The curriculum is structured around the projects and learners improve critical thinking. Moreover, project-based learning and project are different. Projects aim to get a resultant product whereas in project based-learning students need to work for long-term in collaboration with supportive peer groups to solve a problem or learn a concept.
The following are given the three most common practices of project-based learning.
This is a multidisciplinary and very engaging approach that encourages students to learn the use of technology that is used in daily life for solutions to real-world issues. The problems can be from the environment of home, community or school. It is basically aimed to find solutions to different problems over a certain period of time.
It is a constructive approach that includes hands-on activities that provide various opportunities for practical experiences for students. students construct their own ideas for different activities a learn an easier way every time when the activity is repeated. For solving one problem more than one activity method can be used.
Using this method of education, the students are indulged in local heritage experiences and get different opportunities to learn arts, science, mathematics, and many other subjects. The place-based curriculum emphasizes student’s participation in various activities in school or community which eventually helps in learning different concepts.
Jessica Gross is an academic writer and promotes project-based learning. She has traveled more than 40 countries for studying the education methodology. Jessica provides Assignment help to students around the globe.